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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome


Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is caused by compression of the median nerve where it passes through the bones in the wrist (the carpal tunnel). While repetitive motion is the most commonly considered cause of CTS there are other disorders and situations that can cause symptoms.

CTS is considered to be the most common peripheral nerve entrapment neuropathy (disorder of the nerve caused by constriction or mechanical distortion). It was initially described in 1880 and occurs in 99 out of 100,000 persons. Eighty-two percent of persons affected are over age 40, and 65-75% of cases is seen in women. However, there seems to be an increasing incidence among young workers of both sexes who experience symptoms during the course of repetitive manual labor.

CTS can cause a great deal of discomfort and disability if not treated early.

Treatment of CTS consists of medication, splinting, alterations in work habits, and often, surgery.

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This Medifocus Guide on Carpal Tunnel Syndrome provides answers to the following important questions and medical issues:

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This MediFocus Guide contains an extensive listing of citations and abstracts of recent journal articles that have been published about this condition in trustworthy medical journals. This is the same type of information that is available to physicians and other health care professionals. A partial selection of journal articles that are abstracted in this MediFocus Guide includes:

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